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Home > Resources > Learn About the Courts > Court Structure

Court Structure

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The court structure in Saskatchewan follows a hierarchical model similar to that found in provinces across Canada. There are three levels of court in Saskatchewan:

Provincial Court of Saskatchewan

  • Trial court that handles the great majority of criminal cases that come into the system
  • Court of first appearance for almost all criminal matters
  • Civil and criminal jurisdiction defined by federal and provincial statutes, including:
    • Adult criminal,
    • Youth criminal,
    • Civil – small claims less than $30,000,
    • Traffic safety and municipal bylaws, and
    • Some family law matters outside of Regina, Saskatoon and Prince Albert
  • Chief Judge and 49 judges
  • 13 permanent court offices
  • Almost 70 circuit points

Court of Queen’s Bench for Saskatchewan

  • Highest level of trial court in the province
  • Typically deals with the most serious criminal offences
  • Handles the great majority of family law matters
  • Inherent jurisdiction to hear any matter put before it; including:
    • Serious adult and youth criminal
    • All jury trials
    • Civil matters greater than $30,000
    • Family matters including divorce, custody, access, support, property division
    • Charter and constitutional challenges
    • Applications related to estates
  • Hears appeals from most civil and criminal matters in Provincial Court and from provincial administrative boards and tribunals
  • Chief Justice and 32 justices
  • 11 Judicial Centres

Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan

  • Highest court in the province
  • Not a trial court, only hears appeals
    • From Court of Queen’s Bench in all matters
    • From Provincial Court in certain (indictable) criminal matters
    • From certain provincial administrative boards and tribunals
  • Chief Justice and 6 justices
  • Sits regularly in Regina; travels to Saskatoon to sit for one week six times per year

A party can seek leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada from a decision of the Court of Appeal. It is not an automatic right of appeal and there are typically fewer than five cases per year that advance to the Supreme Court from Saskatchewan.